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Rules on Making En Passant Moves

Pawns in chess have important roles to play as well as decisive moves to make. One of these moves is the en passant maneuver. Here are the rules for making en passant moves in chess.

En passant is when a pawn chooses to make a two-square initial move forward passing an enemy pawn to its right or left. Here, the enemy automatically captures this pawn even without direct engagement. Then the enemy pawn occupies the square immediately behind the square where the captured pawn was supposed to land. However, upon doing so, the same pawn gets counter captured if we have a pawn directly to its right or left. In this case the capturing episode results to a tie.

But the situation ends differently if we have no ready pawn to counter capture the enemy pawn that took advantage of the en passant move. In this case we lose to the enemy by a pawn. It would have been better to have waited for the enemy pawn to move closer for our pawn to capture it.

En passant moves in chess cannot be ignored by the enemy. The opponent cannot opt not to capture our pawn and instead proceed forward. Thus, en passant can be a good strategy to pre-empt the near conversion of an enemy pawn. Conversion is converting pawns to higher pieces when they reach the end row.

For instance, there are two enemy pawns inching forward, one supporting the other, to make two conversions. An en passant move can isolate the advancing pawn from its supporting pawn and make both more vulnerable to capture. This foils the planned conversion.

To make better conversion strategies at near end of the game, we ought to beat the enemy in crossing the middle horizontal squares on the board and position our supported pawns a mere square away ( or on rank 5) from enemy pawns still in formation. Think ahead and make sure that after the carnage of pawns at least an ally pawn remains to make it to conversion.

En passant move did not exist until the 16th century when pawns were allowed to move two squares initially on condition that enemy pawns that could have captured them if they had made a single square move could capture them as they passed by. The ruling prevailed to the present.

En passant moves in chess are a good strategy to either hasten our pawns to their conversion or foil an enemy's plan to convert enemy pawns.

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